10 Mayo Mental images. Technique of study 2/8.
In fact all we used real images and mental, at least partly, to study certain very visual subjects of the sanitary branches, as Anatomy, cellular Biology, Histology, etc. That is to say, those subjects that describe the structures that compose the organism at level as much macro as microscopic.
Nevertheless, when the specialists in psychology of the learning speak of the techniques of mental imagery, they talk about to techniques of mental visualization that can be applied to nonmorphologic subjects and to abstract concepts.
We can denominate it in Castilian as mental visualization or images.
WHY THE VISUALIZATION IS SO USEFUL. SCIENTIFIC BASES
The human being has always depended on his visuespaciales capacities to survive. On those capacities he depends to know how to return to house after taking several days hunting in distant regions, or remembering where was an suitable refuge, or fruit trees where to be able to gather foods. Therefore these capacities have a great representation in our cerebral crust, more concretely in the right hemisphere (1).
It thinks easily that we remembered the distribution of a house that we finished visiting, the general aspect of the furniture, the predominant colors. That is a reflection of the incredible visuespaciales capacities that all we have.
The construction of mental images from concepts contributes meaning to those concepts from which it makes the rounds by our mind. That is to say, it gives sense, color and diversion him to which it did not have it before (an expert in memory, Joshua Foer, us the account in its TED chat).
ISN'T THAT VERY SLOW¦?
At the outset it is a slow method, although of the practice one takes control faster. In any case, to elaborate our own absurd associations of images can take time.
Perhaps for that reason some methods that they give made the associations of images can get to be very popular and fast to use.
An example related to the Medicine is the system of Dean Vaughn for medical terminology (2), that facilitates the learning of area codes and medical suffixes as gastr-, card-, - itis, - ectoma, etc. Is a system designed for students of English speech.
For example, to memorise the term gastr- (stomach), associates it to the word truck, truck, and draws a giant stomach transferred by a truck. Several studies have demonstrated that this method is more useful than the pure memorization of the data (3).
IT IS AN AMERICAN INVENTION?
No. is shelp that Sim³nides de Ceos devised it, a Greek poet who lived 500 years a.c. Cicer³n used the technique of the palace of the memory to memorise its speeches.
TYPES OF TECHNIQUES BASED ON THE VISUALIZATION
Palace of the memory
It consists of using a construction that is known very or (your own house or floor, the building of the faculty) to locate an association of images in each stay that you cross when entering that construction. It serves for sequences, listings, events, etc (synthesis of molecules, a speech, an historical event).
You can memorise the list of the purchase imagining each product that you want to acquire in a location. For example, milk in the hall, cakes in the bathroom of the entrance, conserve tuna in the dormitory, etc. So that he is effective, agree to imagine it with startling and very vivid characteristics. Thus, in the hall we could imagine milk spilling themselves on a furniture or hanging of the hook of the keys, perhaps spoiled (imagining therefore the stinking scent that produces); in the bathroom, a clogging of the toilet caused by cakes that jump upwards making watery noises; in the dormitory, a gigantic tuna jumping on your favorite sheets and leaving the scent to fish I mill and sea in your nose¦
In the book of Barbara Oakley (To Mind For Numbers: How to Excel AT Math and Science (Even If You Flunked Algebra) the professor of Tracey Magrann Anatomy explains how to use this technique to memorise the layers of the epidermis.
DO OTHER SENSES HELP?
To imagine a mental scene with the greater luxury of details and different sensorial modalities reinforces its anchorage in the memory (ex. to observe a bone in the rooms of anatomy, to touch its parts, to name them aloud). If we wished to memorise something related to an animal, we can recreate the scent of that animal, the sounds that it emits, the quality of the light that surrounds it, etc.
To recreate an anatomical structure by hand drawing also reinforces it the memory of that visual structure.
Humor, even the eschatological one, also help. A Korean professor of anatomy uses comic strip to explain concepts and difficult structures in anatomy, and he does not matter to him to resort to sex to determine ideas¦
COMBINATIONS OF TECHNIQUES
This is lent to be combined with other mental tricks that facilitate the understanding of new concepts, as the ANALOGIES For example, can imagine human the glandular system as a village around a central castle from where everything is controlled and ordered (hypothalamus), happening through another building that can be a military quarter that helps to the government (the pituitary gland), and to continue imagining each gland as a house different from the village, with its inhabitants and their particularitities.
Another example of analogy is to compare the structure of an atom with the one of the Solar System. Or the divisions you will tilt successive of an artery with the ramifications of a tree. Or the dendritic thorns with the thorns of a rose stem. The possibilities are infinite because each of us has unique images and previous knowledge with which it will construct his own analogies, or will adapt the analogies invented by others.
Also METAPHORS can be elaborated (the atom is a Solar System in miniature). To compare a motor nerve with an electrical cable, multiple copper filaments (axons) in its interior, with cable handfuls covered of a fine plastic (perineuro) and a heavy external package that surrounds it everything (epineuro).
APPLICATIONS OF THE MENTAL MEDICINE IMAGES
How we can apply this in our sanitary studies? Many abstract concepts exist that to learn, home by the hundreds of area codes and suffixes used for cultured words. We can benefit from the visual imagination to study matters as biochemistry, physics and statistic.
- Abstract concepts
- Listings: P. ex can be grouped. in a palace of the memory, or in a history that chains some images with others.
- Sequences: idem in a palace of the memory.
- Characteristics of a disease: a person or a character can imagine in.
YOU USE IMAGES TO STUDY? YOU INVENT ANALOGIES? COMPRTELO IN THE COMMENTARIES
Other entrances on study techniques:
- 1/8 Subrayar
- 3/8 comparative Tables
- 4/8 Releer
- 5/8 To examine to you
- 6/8 Espaciar reviews
- 7/8 Interleave
- 8/8 Autoexplicaci³n
1. Cai Q, Van der Haegen L, Brysbaert M. for Complementary hemispheric specialization language production and visuospatial attention. PNAS 2013; 110 (4): E322-E330.
3. C. Jayne Brahler, Diane Walker. Medical Learning scientific and terminology with to mnemonic strategy using an illogical association technique. Advances in Physiology Education Published 1 September 2008 Bowl 32 no. 3, 219-224.