17 January Prohibited to memorise
That butcher. Not to memorise.
Before you think that there am lost the head, it continues reading, because you are going to understand it immediately.
In fact, that is the keyword in this subject: to understand.
TO MEMORISE VERSUS UNDERSTANDING
Scott Young says, one of my referring in study techniques, that to learn of memory would have to be only a plan B to use in case of hardship. In your case, as student, hardship could mean examination.
If you know clearly that all the data that compose a certain subject have their logical intern, his raison d'etre, you will deliver an attack to understand those layers deeper than they underlie to the pure and hard data.
For example, we take the subject from Anatomy, and as example, the anatomy of the extremity superior.
When I studied Anatomy, she irritated to me and she oppressed the abundance to me of muscles that was in any region of the body, and the forearm is a good example. But¦ if deserts to think to us about the variety of movements that requires our arm and our hand to make the different activities of life daily, as transporting food within a stock market, handling a screwdriver or to strum a guitar, we will begin to understand the necessity of as much muscle. And we will be able to begin to not only think about muscles of the arm as a long list of loose data, but with the logic of his function.
THE REAL LIFE
You can use the argument of which it is impossible to discover the deep logic of a subject when you are a complete beginner in the subject. And that is truth!
In fact, the first contact with a new subject always will pretend to be unconnected and too long a collection of data. But with the successive study it will begin to acquire sense.
In an ideal world, the skillful classes, in which as much time we invested, would have to work as an introduction adapted to a new subject for the student who facilitated the later study. Unfortunately, too many professors fall victims of the slant of the expert and give too linear classes, in which they try to set out many data; or they give jumps of reasoning between concepts that stops they are not such jumps. Simply, the home student lacks a reference system with which to understand those mental jumps.
So that I will put myself in the worse one of the situations, that is to say, that one in which the student faces a completely new area of knowledge alone.
TO MEMORISE THE ARBITRARY THING IS AN ERROR
Each new subject appears as a package of arbitrary data. They are organized generally with a certain structure, and to discover that structure facilitates its assimilation to you. During the study, you begin to discover his logical intern.
Thus, the new matter appears us to our mind in this sense:
There are subjects with abundance of apparently arbitrary data, as the Anatomy, the Pharmacology, the Biochemistry¦ But once you begin to study them, you discover that a structure exists in which the diverse subjects are fitted.
The structure is what Alex Chamessian and Peter Wei denominate frameworks in its Learning book Medicine. That is to say, in the case of the musculo-skeletal system, soon it give account you which each muscle demands to know these aspects: origin; insertion; function; nerve; and irrigation. In clinical subjects, each disease you must know epidemiology; cause; physiopathology; typical clinic; physical exploratory findings; findings in complementary tests; diagnoses differentials; and treatment.
Danger! If nothing else to find this structure, you try to begin to memorise, you will be investing many energies in which it lasts just a short time. In studies of Ebbinghaus one was that to the 24 hours we remembered only 40% of studying, and a 25% to the 5 days. This would force to us to review everything frequently what to memorise on a daily basis, and is an almost impossible task. Although yes it is possible to make it with an organized system and a software of review, but that is subject of another post.
Therefore, he is more rational and funny to invest ours first efforts in finding the logical intern of a new subject. Thus, if the sequence of presentation of new subjects to our mind is arbitrario>estructura>l³gica internal, our boarding of study would have to be the search of:
1º logical intern; 2º structure; and 3º memorization of arbitrary data.
Also this form is more natural to study with a view to your future activity as doctor or nurse or psychologist: to study when already you are working consists mainly of understanding and adding new knowledge to our mental structure of knowledge of our profession. But it is not necessary to memorise arbitrary data, since we can consult them in external data bases. But, unfortunately, while you are student you must demonstrate to your knowledge turning over this one in diverse types of examination. We follow then.
SEARCH THE LOGICAL INTERN AS BEGINNER
We have shelp that the first contact with a new subject looks like to open a package of dispersed data. How to come near to them: 1º reading of the index 2º contaje of pages 3º reading stopped with the center put in obtaining one first impression of the composition of the subject.
This first contact also is realised in the skillful classes.
With the reading of the Index they are discovered connections between terms and a structure, that is the reflection of how the first experts learned to systematize their findings.
A practical example
In the Anatomy, following with the example of the extremity superior, we can be distributing the data in diverse groups. Those that we need. Thus, we do not have why to organize the study in our mind with the scheme of the book, that can consist of dividing each muscle group in those of the deep plane and the superficial plane.
We can group our muscle study that abduces the arm versus muscles that approximate it to the trunk (essential to avoid that our brother tickles to us, for example). Muscles that the culturist when removing uses biceps in a competition. Muscles that flexionan the palm and fingers and allow us to load with the bags of the supermarket. And so on.
When you deepen, it give account you of which the muscles are defined by terms that allude, (a) well to their origin and insertion (coracobrachialis muscle); (b) its function (elevating of the scapula); (c) its form (triceps); (d) its situation (subclavio).
Of this form, if you have learned all the series of more or less arbitrary terms with which one names to the bones and his prominences, on that you will be able to construct your learning of muscles. Muscle coracobrachialis muscle, wide ridge, biceps, triceps¦
To this it would have to be dedicated what we called to study to the day. That that so many we have wished and so not very often we have obtained. Therefore, we give the term to study to the day, a new sense: you are not going to become bored with strings of arbitrary data, but you are going to investigate the logic that underlies to each new subject.
You are going to try to understand the soul of the subject. You are not going to read the cardiac arrhythmias linearly, but you are going to investigate why they are catalogued as they are catalogued, and why they take place, and how you could dedudirlas with an anatomical scheme of the cardiac inervaci³n in front of you. That is your daily work.
BUT ALMUDENA, RIGHT NOW I AM OF EXAMINATIONS!
¦ Then the moment has arrived for memorising. Or to request help to the friendly. It tries that they explain the logical intern to you that is shortage in a subject that is to you especially thick.
You will be with that it will be much more easy to memorise that one whose logical intern already you investigated in previous sessions of study. If it is not thus¦
¦ always we will have left the ground one last minute (cramming of the Anglo-Saxons), extremely effective to pass examinations, although it does not stop to conserve memories in the long term. But the necessity forces.
IN SUMMARY, LOOKING FOR TO UNDERSTAND HOW CONCEPTS AND DATA CONNECT, YOU WILL FINISH NOT NEEDING TO MEMORISE EXCEPT FOR A SMALL PERCENTAGE OF THE MATTER.
YOUR OPINION IS IMPORTANT. YOU TRY TO UNDERSTAND, YOU LEARN OF MEMORY? BOTH? IT LEAVES YOUR COMMENTARY UNDERNEATH THIS POST.