What is to procrastinar? The enemy

This palabreja, €œprocrastination€, is being used much in the Anglo-Saxon surroundings and also in the one of Hispanic speech in the last years, mainly when productivity speech, a subject that is fashionable.  But one talks about to something as old as the humanity.

Procrastinar is to voluntarily place, to delay, to delay the execution of a task knowing full well that delay is going to be detrimental. That is to say, to leave it for another day, which the students do/we do on a daily basis when the examinations are still far in the horizon.

A bloguero has suggested a term that does very very easy to understand this tendency to avoid the discomfort, €œflinch €œ.

Eye, that to procrastinar is not a disease. He is something that all the people we do at some moments or with some disagreeable tasks. The problem arises when beams from that your lifestyle.

According to the experts, this is endemic in the university, as much that until a 95% of the university students they procrastinan (1). Usually they do it during a third of his daily hours and they occupy sleeping, seeing it the TV or playing (2).

procrastinando with whattsappIn the general population, one calculates that a 15-20% of the adults delays their obligations systematically, getting to have serious problems with the declaration of the rent, for example. In my case, I can get to have serious problems when one is to present a request to a call of help to investigation projects€¦ One night is not nice as quickly as possible remain working in documents when on the following day you have guard.

However, that this us pass to almost all does not mean that we resign ourselves. All we have had the experience to have preparation an examination or project in time and have enjoyed that sensation of tranquillity and pride that produces to us. Because to procrastinar it makes us feel badly, we know that in the end we will have problems. But time and time again we return to fall in the trap.

The cause can reside in our character if we are impulsive, or little disciplined (has genetic component), or in the task that there is to realise: a distant date limit, a boring subject, some bad notes or disorganized€¦ It gives equal, the procrastination has many explanations, but the only thing clearly is that we must fight it to avoid to pass it bad to last hour.

A reader of Cal Newport explained his ritual before sitting down to work in an obligatory but disagreeable task. It is a series of questions that help to find the motivation and the concentration him sufficient to work during a good short while. I have been home to use this ritual for a month and she is helping me to work better and not to delay my obligations as much.

Nothing else to seat you in your place of study, responds to these questions (when you write, you become jumbled in writing better):

  1. Which is your objective? €œTo study first subjects of Cardio both€ €œTo write a rough draft of this project€€¦
  2. Why it is important for you? €œBecause I must approve as it is to happen to the following course€ €œIf with himself this project, I will be able to investigate on this so interesting subject€€¦
  3. What steps you are going to give? Where it is the difficulty of this task? €œI am going to read my notes and later I will read the subject in the book€ €œDifficulty? That I become bored with the Cardiology, but what we are going to him to do€€¦
  4. How you are going to avoid distractions? €œI am afrhelp that I must extinguish whattsapp, or better the movable whole number€
  5. How long you are going to dedicate to him today? €œTwo hours until the hour arrives to have dinner€ €œOne hour free that I have until the following class€€¦
  6. Which are the interruption risks? €œThe telephone. Better I extinguish it€ €œMy small brother, so I will ask to him that one is going away to play another site€€¦
  7. What tools you need to work in this? €œMy collection of 10 subrayadores to color€ €œpaper and ball-point pen and to write summaries€€¦ each has its trick here

It seems strange, but€¦ it works!

It learns to being more conscious of how you act every day, because little by little you will be improving your intelligence and disciplines.

YOU HAVE SOME RITUAL BEFORE SEATING TO YOU TO STUDY?

Tell your tricks, we want to discover us what works to him to other people

 

REFERENCES

1. O'Brien WK. Transtheoretical Applying the model to academic procrastination. Doctoral thesis, University of Houston, 2002.

2. Pychyl TA and cabbages. Five days of emotion: An experience sampling study of undergraduate student procrastination. J Soc Behav Reps 2000.

Almudena Trinidad
almudena@hshanemd.net

I am otorrinolaring³loga doctor in a hospital of Madrid and Professor Asociada de Medicina in the UAM. I help Medicine students to develop more effective techniques of study to obtain better notes, to remember during more time and to feel like more happy insurances and with its studies.

9 Commentaries
  • Marian
    Published to 16:35 h, 20 November To respond

    Procastinaba, and before all along good, I am not cured absolutely but it is truth that the organization helps. To have a list of objectives always near my is helped not to lose them of view and to try not to leave them for another day.
    Recently there am shortage a €œtechnique€ that is called Pomodoro and is based on studying 25 min and resting 5. When I am entertained or I like the subject does not desire to me to use it, but when something costs to me much that helps those 25 knowledge if I surpass min I have a small oasis in the end and it is easier to me to complete the task.
    A greeting.

    • Almudena Trinidad
      Published to 21:43 h, 20 November To respond

      I hardly take using that technique for 1 month and also she goes to me very well with more boring tasks. I want to make an entrance in the blog about the Pomodoro, aside from techniques of organization and similars, that have helped much in the last 3 years me that I am studying them.
      A greeting. Thanks to pass you through the blog!

  • Sonnpal
    Published to 15:45 h, 06 December To respond

    Itself procastinando and I occur account that are even worse by the fault and anxiety that it generates and that I do not leave.
    We see something related to that anxiety?

    • Almudena Trinidad
      Published to 12:36 h, 10 December To respond

      I do not know very well to what you talk about with your question. You can repeat it?
      A greeting 🙂

      • Sonnpal
        Published to 09:24 h, 21 December To respond

        The anxiety that can generate to face to us to study something of a next examination or matter that we do not like and then to leave it to a side because €œthere are other things that to do€; procastinando not to face us the anxiety that produces to us

        • Almudena Trinidad
          Published to 12:28 h, 22 December To respond

          Aha, clarified. I understand to you perfectly: when we must work in a task makes specific that it is to us disagreeable, our natural impulse is to leave it for another day.
          The disagreeable sensation usually consists of (1) boredom (because that task does not motivate to us); (2) anxiety (because we fear to do it bad, or because it has given bad results us in the past).
          The bad thing is that, when delaying the task, we only secured a temporary lightening, and sometimes nor that, because we felt like guilty not to carry out the task. When in the end there is no more remedy than to take it to end, perhaps the bull has pillaged us, that is to say, that either behind schedule to realise it or and with comfort.

          it has helped me to know the neurological cause much this anxiety. Quick attention to the blog because the following entrance, that will leave tomorrow or the day after tomorrow, tries on that subject.

          A greeting and until soon.

  • Carla
    Published to 15:50 h, 25 October To respond

    Hello Almudena! I would like to comment my particular case to you so that you gave advice me or you could help me just a little bit: I am in first of medicine and, already taking almost two months of class, I feel that balance sheet and I do not render very little. In the institute I was enough of procrastinar, not €œabsolutely€ because I liked to leave the prepared things (for example, read or emphasized) stops in the previous days to prepare the examinations quickly and facility. In addition, the pressure of the examinations of baccalaureate along with a stricter and marked schedule facilitated the study. Now that I am in the university I feel very lost, since I do not give taken the study rate. The hours in front of a few leaves go to me of notes flying and I hardly feel that there am not concentrate nor I have retained, since my head this in way €œnot to memorise 100%€. I see companions who as they say €œplated€ much during the baccalaureate and or are customary to plate and they are doing it, reason why remove very many advantage to me as far as studied matter (that to see, each needs different time or method from study, but for the January examinations it does not seem to me very productive to plate now because I do not believe that it helps to internalise the concepts€¦). The truth, I am seeing a very black fourth month period; great oppression, much accumulated matter€¦ and I am scared to the failure, to suspend or at that Christmases arrive and sees that me nothing and that I do not have time€¦ Hopefully you have some words that can help me, thanks for your time!

    • Almudena Trinidad
      Published to 16:14 h, 28 October To respond

      Hello, Carla! Thank you very much to pass you through the blog and to comment. I have thought about your problem and I believe that I can give some tracks you:

      1. It is very common what it happens to you. The institute is as taking a bicycle. The university is 4—4. The transition always is hard.

      2. He is exciting to comment the classes with the companions, but of the curiosity to the €œanguish by comparison€ there is no a step more. It ignores what others say that they know or that they study. If they seem advanced to you, ask to them please that they explain his method to you. But you do not compare yourself, is a loss of time.

      3. Although you know that you have changed of level of studies, your brain still follows back. When you feel to look at the notes, your brain gets off center because it is hoping a near examination to put itself to the 100%. As it does not find it, one relaxes.

      4. The volume of the subjects in the university does not allow you to directly seat to you to memorise. A fundamental intermediate phase exists, that it consists of €œunderstanding€ the content and organizing the notes. To understand will allow you to memorise more easily. In the institute you understand generally quickly, during the class. Here that work demands more time. To understand and to organize are what you must do day to day. To memorise will come something more ahead.

      5. The subjects are novel and very voluminous. Although You have been many years studying, still you do not know the correct form to study the Anatomy, the Biochemistry, etc. needs a structure, a frame that she indicates to you how each matter is organized. For example, in the case of the Anatomy, you need to know how to study it:
      - Musculo-skeletal system. Of each muscle you will have to know its origin, insertion, function, and what blood vessels and nerves replace it. You must differentiate between contiguous muscles with similar actions but nonequals. It will come to you well to use comparative tables of this http://www.med.umich.edu/lrc/coursepages/m1/anatomy2010/html/anatomytables/muscles_back.html type, http://anatomy.uams.edu/muscles_upperlimb.html
      - Each bone you must know his reliefs and the muscles that are inserted in the same.
      - Of each gut, its architecture, function, glasses and nerves that irrigate it.

      And all this looking for the space relations between all these elements, what happens in front of what, what structures is above or down. These relations 3D you will be able to review them in the dissections.

      In the case of the biochemistry, all the knowledge must fit in the structure of €œthe routes€: why organic function serves each route, elements of origin and end item, regulating elements and relations with other routes.

      All this I will have to go detachhing it in future entrances of the blog. If you want to know what structures has a subject, it can help to review a simple book you on the same, and to see how they organize the index, the headed ones of paragraphs within each subject, the figures, etc. You can request help to some compa±ero/a.

      6. Finally, it avoids to sink to you from the first day in detail slight. Although they demand to you to know details for the examination, is better to begin studying the general form of the forest and soon to enter each tree. Consultation small, introductory books of each matter, to meet the general. When you know clearly the general form, then you will be able to put in detail because you will already know in what €œdrawer€ to keep them.

      I hope that this serves to you to begin to prop up your studies. I know amiable with same you and allows you to fail sometimes, because it is normal. When eras baby and you began to walk, you fell often and not for that reason eras clumsy. The same happens with the homes of the race. 😉

    • Helpa
      Published to 23:52 h, 29 October To respond

      I am student of sixth and after almost seven years (I repeated third party) itself without knowing very well how I studied the race€¦ It happened to me as, was the GREAT PROCRASTINATOR of my friendly (they nor knew the word). It had never studied nothing of memory, in baccalaureate it only dedicated to understand the things to me and it tried to memorise the minimum. I did not begin to remove the race with decency until the second time that I attended third party, and what I did it was a change of chip. Itself without seating to me to memorise what parrot because I do not know. Neither to three months of the examinations, nor to one week. To memorise to length or short term, way to see, is not useful more in medicine than pass. Throughout the second cycle of race I maintained my motto €œto understand before to memorise€, and in fact now that already I am in the academy home the preparation of the MIR I realize of which I know much more medicine than my companions those who to memorise (from the first day) without giving form to nothing€¦

      But good, you are in first and great one is coming you all. I feel very identified! I do not commit the same errors that I: it did not know to study, so I dedicated myself to do some to me beautiful beautiful notes (those of embrio I had left preeeeciosos). When I realized, we already were in January, was the week before the biochemistry examination and the metabolism of the glucose did not know to me nor€¦

      That you never do it! Now you have very many new subjects. The majority is not looked nor in the target of the eye like the subjects that you had in baccalaureate. You are not oppressed, is the worse thing than you can do. I repeated third party because she lived in a crisis of continuous anxiety. Your strong major you are you yourself.

      First that you must do it is to plan the time to you that you have. what it has worked to me more it is to do a table with tooodos the days to me that I have left from the day which I begin the table until the dates of examination. Only that you must know clearly to do to you the schedule is from where you are going to study each subject. Notes of class, books€¦ That according to you prefer. But tenlo very clearly! A thing chooses, and in case it uses the other fast reviews or to clarify concepts. But it chooses, you do not include too much! And soon it takes each subject, it looks at the subjects, and fits them in your schedule according to the time that you have for the examination, including more than a return of review, hours to make old examinations, etc.

      And how to study then? To really memorise that it is overvalued. I have very little memory, and in medicine there are things that, or to memorise them, or you take them bad in the examination. What it has worked is to study giving 4 or 5 returns to me more to the agenda. WITHOUT MEMORISING! Now in October-November it would dedicate to me to only emphasize (considered as my first return) in case the examinations are in January. If they are in December, because November already would be my month to seat to me to begin more serious returns with the matter that has occurred until the moment. How I learn the things? I am incapable to reread a same subject to me four times in an afternoon to memorise, I tried it the first years and it bored to me, it dispersed€¦ and it finished to me put in twitter. So my new method consisted of reading each subject to me 1-2 times (according to the complexity), that time for 3-5 gives me behind schedule subjects each. Following my method, today I perhaps read subjects 1-5, and I do not return them to take until within one week, when it has given return him to all the agenda. He is little orthodox, my friendly were laughed of me because they shelp that €œthat is not to sit down to study€€¦ But so soon in the fourth month period, €œto plate€ he is more absurd than ever! Plating you learn very little, and the race is TO LEARN first, and soon pass. I in the end arrived at the week before the examination habi©ndome read each subject 3-4 times (only read, immediately! A comprehensive reading, but that is still that, reading). And although you do not create it, this way I had left muchiiiisimas things! The last week pre-examinations used it for a last fast review, already more type which you comment. It dedicated search the names to me of the substitute unpronounceable genes that were to know of memory and €“ although me them it would not have memorised months before, as were €œwords€ that had read in my previous readings, to memorise them more easily, and in addition he was able to locate them muuy rapidito in my mental scheme. Also it was useful to look at old examinations to me and thus to find what took worse€¦ Muchiiisimo is learned making old examinations! And soon already it went to the examination, with the knowledge tranquillity that you have taken advantage of all your time and you could not more have done! Then, they leave or or badly the examinations, you feel or, because you have studied to learn the subject, does not stop to loosen a plate that you do not understand and it will be ended up forgetting to you.

      I studied of 4:30 to 8 with a rest of 15-20minutos to 6, soon to 8 she touched gym, and on the 9 and something he returned despejadita, and she read some subject to me I facilitate or reviewed some thing that outside difficult than had studied that behind schedule. But after the 10, nothing of studies! My first three years of race I stuck days without sleeping trying to study, and in the end nothing spread. My friendly todaa studied in the morning until so many, but I tell you that no, is to suuuper important to respect hour of dreams, meals and rests! When you have free mornings to study, he begins soon, to 8 or thus, and never beyond the 2. I always respected from 2 to 4 to have lunch and as €œhour of rest€, and soon in the evening when it took the notes did with many desire because it had disconnected of the notes.

      And that is everything! I do not know what to say more. Pardon by the enormous roll east, I hope that it does not have to you overwhelmed! And I hope that it has served to you for something€¦

      What has been shelp, tranquillity first of all. And you never forget that you can more and so they throw to you and! You do not compare yourself with your companions, each has his rate. Hatred that medicine is so competitive, you to yours immediately! I am lost whole days animating to €œfriendly€ with attacks of anxiety because they were going to suspend€¦ Soon they removed 9, and I with my lost days to help them them ended up to me eating 6. You ALWAYS know positive, without mattering what the others do, and enters the examinations thinking that you are going to remove matriculation! I did not remove any, but the only examinations that I suspended were those which I entered thinking €œI am going to suspend€ or €œif I approve is by the hairs€. There were some subjects that I approved thus, by the hairs, but they were those which in spite of to have studied badly I entered the examination thinking €œme I know it everything and I am going to remove eleven€.

      Medicine is finished, and really! If somebody so ominous with the memorization is in sixth with all the approved subjects of the race, for you eaten bread must be! So you are not oppressed, that still waits for some years to you very very very beautiful ahead! Muuucho spirit!

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