WHAT IS A FLASHCARD?
I say it as I lived it: I read in English this expression and flax appeared to me the mythical pole of the childhood (the children are the only colouring creatures able to eat that mixture of and artificial aromas).
But it does not have anything to do. The flash cards is very popular in the United States and here in Spain them we can call cards, without more didactic fiorituras, or cards (1). They contain summarized information to study and to review subjects. Typically, in a face you write the question or the statement to answer, and in env©s you write down the answer, generally with another color, so that when you choose a card you know why side to read it.
Another form to fill up them in CC of the Health would be with graphs of biochemistry, or anatomical or embryological drawings. Nevertheless, the format seems more useful to me ask-answer. When we devised a question, our brain already is making associations with the material and therefore it is advancing in his understanding and memorization.
If you are studying the cranial nerves in Neuroanatomy, you can put a question of this style: What fiber types transport the face nerve.
In the other face, the answer would be something thus:
In order to do this you can use cards of fine cardboard or normal paper as those that are sold in several sizes in any stationery store.
I have proven this technique reading a somewhat barren chapter on the cochlear homeostasis of a titled book Auditory trauma, protection, and to repair. To be taking notes in the format flash card very just a short time took to me, and to review them when finishing the chapter took about 10 minutes to me, and remembered the data on the following day better than when simply I read. So that it works.
YOU WILL WONDER YOURSELF WHY IT SERVES TO REVIEW WHAT YOU HAVE READ WITH FLASH CARDS¦
This is most important: That a recitation of read with some type of examination has been demonstrated scientifically to make review or it helps to remember better the information than simply to reread it (2). Traditionally one has thought that the examinations were a neutral event and that the learning took place before, during the study. Nevertheless, many studies agree in finding that the repeated people remember better in the long term when they pass tests who if simply they reread the material (3). He is peculiar that this already was known more ago of a century, but it has not studied systematically until does few years.
Sometimes you can count on examinations type test of the matter that you are studying, because the text book provides them to you or because you count on examinations of other years. But many other times you do not have any examination. Here it is where flashcards enter game, that works as examination questions. You can make them you yourself /a while you read each subject and you can keep them to recall the read thing immediately or in planned reviews.
It is happened to me that this can be very useful mainly with content more difficult to understand or to memorise. In the case of the sanitary studies, to perhaps review the immune system (by which interleukina they go already? When I only studied it were 10¦), drawing up of electrocardiogram, muscular insertions, nervous branches, or the nightmare of the tests with tuning forks of my specialty, the otorrino (Weber, Rinne, they sound to you).
Update: it reads the article on flashcards that I wrote for the blog of yourmedlife in this connection.
Several webpages exist that allow to elaborate flashcards online and to share them with other users. There are some pages with great number of flashcards of medical matters as in this connection (http://www.cram.com/medical). But they have a disadvantage: they have done them others! It is learned better with cards written up by one same one. In addition, they are in English and not always they will be adapted at the level demanded in your faculty.
*Otras pages to elaborate flashcards:
Hopefully it would have continued using that technique more systematically. Perhaps if it had known the scientific evidence in that time, study repertoire would have incorporated that technique. But today I have the satisfaction to teach it to which they are in the heat of time of studies. It proves flashcards and tells us what so has gone to you.
HAPPENED TO YOU OTHER ARE FORMS TO USE THE FLASHCARDS IN YOUR SUBJECTS?
IT SHARES YOUR IDEAS.
*Hace some weeks, my friend Javier, author of the zenparaopositores.com blog, wrote an entrance explaining how to use Power Point to make microreviews. It allows you to consult it in your smartphone and thus always you take it by hand. If you like to take notes and to study in the computer, you can associate a file of Power Point to each subject to review in any short while that arises to you.
2. Roediger HL, Butler AC. Retrieval critical The role of practice in long-term retention. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 2011; 15(1): 20-27.
3. Roediger, H.L., III and Karpicke, J.D. The to power of testing memory: BASIC research and implications for educational practice. Persp Psychol Sci 2006; 1:181-210.