08 February To take notes in portable: you are learning?
It could say that one of the main activities in the life of a university student is to take notes. Or at least, to handle the notes of others (commissions of notes, tochos¦) in order to study the different subjects. Because to study by a book, generally, usually he is too ample for the exigencies of an examination.
There are many techniques different to take notes, and since the portable ones have been lowered the price of and done lighter (it does a few years already), many students use them to take notes in class. Most modern they use tablets with keyboard. From my lectern of profe they offer a peculiar spectacle, since normally the students with keyboards write much more and look less at the professor and the slides that those that takes notes by hand. A furious noise of keys and fingers comes from the zone of the portable ones, whereas those of the ball-point pen and the paper write less and are quieter.
It is logical, since one calculates that, whereas the professor pronounces some secondly 2-3 words/, the student can write only 0,2-0,3 by hand words/secondly. The mecanografistas can approach 1 word secondly/. It is necessary to select very well what to put in writing¦
From the year 2000 and mainly from the 2006 scientific works are being published on the effects of the computers in the classrooms. The professors think generally that they are detrimental because they favor the distraction of the student, who easily sees himself attemped put in other activities (games, e-mail) and stop paying attention in class if they have a portable one by hand. This has been confirmed in some studies as the one of Lauricella and Kay (1), that they observed that the students lay down to relax often and repeatedly throughout the chats.
¦ BUT ALTHOUGH YOU DO NOT EVEN RELAX, TO TAKE NOTES IN PORTABLE SEEMS TO BE LESS EFFECTIVE THAN BY HAND
¦ according to a work of investigation published in 2014 (2). The students who took notes in computer responded worse to conceptual questions than those that had taken notes by hand. It seemed that the use of the keyboard favored a more superficial processing of the information.
Surely now you will be thinking about classmates who take notes to computer and which they remove very good notes. Obvious, the first contact with the material in class, taking notes, is important. But also you process and you make the material outside class, and the result of all that is what ends up being reflected in the examination. If you study and to memorise well after the classes, you will have good results
THE TIME IS LIMITED. IT BEGINS TO LEARN IN CLASS AND YOU WILL ADVANCE WORK.
We are going to review the mental process to take notes to understand how we can remove more benefit to attend the classes.
To take notes is a very demanding task. In a study of Piolat and cabbages (3) a graph appeared that showed what activities consumed more mental effort, and to take notes was between most expensive, surpassing even to the effort to play a chess game, and surpassing very by far the effort to read or to copy a text by hand. To take notes only was surpassed by the effort to translate or to write up.
To take notes requires 3 complex mental activities, that are:
- To understand (what the professor is explaining)
- To select (what it seems important)
- To write
What strategies develop the student with the practice?
- Abbreviations and codes that make faster the task of transcribing
- Refrasear and to summarize what has been shelp by the professor
- To space organize it on the paper (you shoot with an arrow, tabulators) so that its later understanding is facilitated
All this happens time and time again throughout the class, that usually lasts 1 hour. In this activity, the executive functions of the working memory are used time and time again, and under pressure of time (because it does not give time to write everything). It is easy to understand why he is so demanding. It is difficult to stay concentrate constantly, and is normal that they are some emptinesses that soon will be completed during the time of personal study.
EFFECT OF the CODIFICATION and the HYPOTHESIS OF the EXTERNAL STORAGE
Encoding effect explains that the mental processing that takes place during the taking of notes improves the learning and the retention of information. This knows because it has demonstrated that the student learns taking notes, although they examine without letting to him review his notes to him. The effort is worth the trouble.
The hypothesis of the External storage maintains that he is beneficial to review the material written down in a class, even if they are notes of another person.
WHY DOES THE COMPUTER USE HARM THIS PROCESS?
A phenomenon can be produced during the taking of notes, that is the make to write down literally what the professor is saying. This has passed us to all. I remember to have resorted simply to copy the slide of the screen or to try to write down as quickly as possible what the professor shelp when already was tired and did not feel to me able to concentrate to me in which was being explained. This produced some notes of bad quality, but it seemed better than not to point anything or to remain gotten sleepy on the folder¦
As the writing in the keyboard is faster than the writing by hand, the student who takes notes to computer runs the risk more often of taking literal notes. The literalness is detrimental, mainly if we are dealing with concepts (for example, if the concepts of pronation and supinaci³n are explaining us) more than with facts (a pronadores muscle list of the forearm (pronador round and pronator quadratus). And we already know that in sciences of the health they bomb to us constantly with concepts. With computer improvements your external storage, but you can be harming your effect of codification.
Nevertheless, in spite the effort of codification that the students with keyboard yes realised (because he was requested to them that they did not transcribe literally), at work of Mueller and Oppenheimer (2) was observed that the students who took notes by hand they had better results than those of computer when they examined on the contents 1 week later to them, after reviewing the notes before the examination. In his article not explains why, but it seems clear that the work of writing by hand, although supposes an additional effort (for which knows the honeys to write more quickly with keyboard), is mentally beneficial.
THEN, I LEAVE THE COMPUTER AT HOME?
The question of the million! I recommend you that you analyze sincerely if you adapt by hand better to the computer or the notes, proving both methods in the same subject and seeing how much you learn with each and what she is to you more comfortable in the later study. Later, knowing the disadvantages and advantages each method, it makes your decision. Although it seems that science shows preference by hand for the taken notes, also is certain that let well enough alone. If in your case the taken notes by hand do not offer as much quality to you as those that takings in computer, your motivation can be suffered and you can get to need more time to study, and so the advantage of the notes by hand is lost.
As always, I recommend sincere and amiable personal reflection to you and to be with you mismo/a. And it remembers: it sees water, my friend.
- Lauricella S, Kay R. Assessing laptop uses in higher education classrooms: The Laptop Effectiveness Scale (THEM). Australasian Journal of Educational Technology 2010; 26(2): 151-163.
- Mueller PA, Oppenheimer DM. The Pen Is Mightier Than the Keyboard: Advantages of Longhand Over Laptop Note Taking. Psychological Science 2014; 25(6): 1159-1168.
- Cabbage and Piolat To. Cognitive Effort during Note Taking. Appl Cognit Psychol 2005; 19:291-312.